What’s the Context? 20 December 1917: formation of the Cheka, the first Soviet security and intelligence agency

‘The Soviets would not last two days without the activities of the Cheka, but with the Cheka, the Soviet State was safe’: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Defending the Revolution Before the October Revolution in 1917 that put the Bolsheviks in power …

Asquith, Lloyd George, and the struggle for the premiership in December 1916

On 5 December 1916 Herbert Henry Asquith, the Liberal Prime Minister who had governed Britain for more than eight years, resigned, and fellow Liberal David Lloyd George subsequently became Prime Minister, with Conservative support. This was a remarkable development, as Dr Matthew Johnson explains.